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      考博英語雙語新聞:全球財富縮水 350萬人失去百萬富翁身份

      2023-08-17 13:52點擊次數:1422

      全球財富縮水 350萬人失去百萬富翁身份

      Global wealth fall cost 3.5m people ‘dollar millionaire’ status last year

      瑞士聯合銀行新發布的年度財富報告顯示,全球百萬富翁(資產超過100萬美元的人)數量從2021年底的6290萬人減至2022年底的5940萬人。彭博社的調查也顯示,世界首富500強在2022年資產縮水合計1.4萬億美元。

      More than 3.5 million people lost their “dollar millionaire” status last year during the first fall in global wealth since the 2008 financial crisis.

      去年超350萬人失去了百萬(美元)富翁身份,這是自2008年金融危機以來全球財富首次縮水。

      The number of adults with assets of more than $1m fell from 62.9 million at the end of 2021 to 59.4 million at the end of 2022, according to the UBS annual wealth report, published on Tuesday. The Swiss bank said global wealth was depressed by high inflation and the collapse of many currencies against the dollar.

      瑞士聯合銀行8月15日發布的年度財富報告顯示,資產超過100萬美元的成年人數量從2021年底的6290萬人減至2022年底的5940萬人。瑞士聯合銀行稱,全球財富縮水源于高通脹和許多貨幣對美元的貶值。

      The number of millionaires in the US dropped by 1.8 million to 22.7 million, but there are still far more millionaires in the US than any other country. China had the second highest number with 6.2 million.

      美國百萬富翁現有2270萬人,減少了180萬,但美國的百萬富翁數量仍然遠超其他國家。中國的百萬富翁數量為620萬人,位居全球第二。

      Despite the decline, the report found that there were four times as many dollar millionaires as there were at the turn of the century.

      盡管百萬富翁數量下降,但報告發現,擁有百萬美元資產者的數量是本世紀初的四倍。

      In the UK, the number of millionaires fell by 440,000 to 2.6 million, the third largest fall behind Japan, which dropped from 3.2 million to 2.6 million. Australia had the fourth largest decline, with 360,000 people no longer being classed as millionaires, reducing the total to 1.8 million.

      英國的百萬富翁數量為260萬,減少了44萬,降幅排行第三,僅次于日本。日本的百萬富翁數量從320萬降到了260萬。澳大利亞的百萬富翁數量降幅排行第四,百萬富翁總人數降到180萬,減少了36萬。

      At the very top, the number of people with more than $50m each fell by 22,500 to 243,000.

      在最富有的階層,資產超過5000萬美元的百萬富翁數量降至24.3萬,減少了22500人。

      The richest 500 people in the world lost a combined $1.4tn in 2022, according to separate research for the Bloomberg billionaires index.

      彭博社億萬富翁指數的獨立調查顯示,世界首富500強在2022年資產縮水合計1.4萬億美元。

      Elon Musk, the world’s richest person and co-founder of Tesla, lost $138bn in 2022, the year in which he completed his $44bn acquisition of Twitter.

      世界首富、特斯拉共同創始人埃隆·馬斯克在2022年失去了1380億美元,同一年他完成了耗資440億美元的推特收購。

      The Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg, who was once one of the 10 richest people in the world, lost nearly $81bn in net worth and was at $45bn at the end of 2022.

      臉書共同創始人馬克·扎克伯格曾是世界上最富有的10個人之一,他在2022年底的凈資產為450億美元,縮水了近810億美元。

      The super-rich, the reasonably well-off and poor people all had aggregate declines in wealth in 2022, according to UBS’s economists, who recorded “the first fall in net global household wealth since the global financial crisis of 2008”.

      瑞士聯合銀行的經濟學家指出,2022年超級富豪、相當有錢的人和窮人的財富總量都出現了縮水,這是“2008年全球金融危機以來全球家庭凈財富的首次減少”。

      The world’s privately held wealth fell by $11.3tn, or 2.4%, to $454tn. Average wealth per adult dropped by $3,200 to $84,718. The bank said: “This outcome represents a break in the almost uninterrupted expansion of household wealth this century.”

      全球私有財富降至454萬億美元,減少了11.3萬億美元(2.4%)。成年人的人均財富降至84718美元,減少了3200美元。銀行表示:“這一結果代表著本世紀以來家庭財富不間斷擴張的中斷?!?/p>

      It said the decline would be felt even more sharply in real terms because of soaring inflation around the world. Household finances have been squeezed by the sharp rise in the cost of everything from food to energy.

      銀行指出,由于全球通貨膨脹飆升,財富縮水在現實生活中的感受甚至更強烈。從食物到能源等生活成本的急劇上漲讓家庭財政吃緊。

      The proportion of the world’s wealth held by the richest 1% declined slightly to 44.5%, reversing some of the increase in wealth inequality during the pandemic. To be part of the top 1% requires assets of at least $1,081,342.

      全球最富有的1%的人擁有的財富比例為44.5%,相較之前略有下降,逆轉了疫情期間財富不平等部分擴大的趨勢。要躋身全球最富有的1%,至少必須擁有1081342美元的資產。

      英文來源:衛報

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